Science & Technology Studies https://sciencetechnologystudies.journal.fi/ <div class="region region-content-intro"> <div id="block-block-6" class="block block-block"> <div class="content"> <p>Science &amp; Technology Studies is an international peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarly studies of science and technology as socio-material phenomena, including their historical and contemporary production and their associated forms of knowledge, expertise, social organization and controversy. This includes interest in developing Science and Technology Studies' own knowledge production techniques, methodology and interventions. The journal welcomes high quality contributions to that are based on substantial theoretical or empirical engagement with the multidisciplinary field of science and technology studies, including contributions from anthropology, sociology, history, philosophy, political science, educational science and communication studies.</p> <p>Science &amp; Technology Studies is the official journal of the European Association for the Study of Science and Technology (EASST) and the Finnish Association for Science and Technology Studies.The journal is open access and available electronically around the world.</p> </div> </div> </div> Finnish Society for Science and Technology Studies, EASST en-US Science & Technology Studies 2243-4690 <strong>Terms &amp; Conditions</strong><p>This Science &amp; Technology Studies website ("Site") is owned and operated by <em>The Finnish Society for Science and Technology Studies</em> (“Society”), PO Box 117, c/o Otto Auranen, Sepänkatu 4-8 A 16, 33230 Tampere,Finland. <em>The Finnish Society for Science and Technology Studies</em> and its publication <em>Science &amp; Technology Studies</em> are non-profit organizations.</p><p>By accessing or using the Site, you agree to be bound by the terms and conditions below ("Terms and Conditions"). These Terms and Conditions incorporate by reference and include the Site's Privacy Policy and any guidelines, rules or disclaimers that may be posted and updated on specific web pages or on notices that are sent to you. If you do not agree with these Terms and Conditions, please do not use this Site.</p><p>The Society reserves the right to change, modify, add or remove portions of these Terms and Conditions at its discretion at any time and without prior notice. Please check this page periodically for any modifications. Your continued use of this Site following the posting of any changes will mean that you have accepted the changes.</p><strong>Copyrights and Limitations on Use</strong><p>All content in this Site, including site layout, design, images, text and other information (collectively, the "Content") is the property of <em>The Finnish Society for Science and Technology Studies/Science &amp; Technology Studies</em> and is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws, unless otherwise noted.</p><p>You may not copy, display, distribute, modify, publish, reproduce, store, transmit, create derivative works from, or sell or license all or any part of the Content, products or services obtained from this Site in any medium to anyone, except as otherwise expressly permitted under applicable law or as described in these Terms and Conditions or relevant license or subscriber agreement.</p><p>You may print or download Content from the Site for academic, your own personal, non-commercial use, provided that you keep intact all copyright and other proprietary notices. You may not engage in systematic retrieval of Content from the Site to create or compile, directly or indirectly, a collection, compilation, database or directory without prior written permission from Science &amp; Technology Studies.</p><p>The Site may contain robot exclusion headers, and by using the Site you agree that you will not use any robots, spiders, crawlers or other automated downloading programs or devices to access, search, index, monitor or copy any Content. The harvesting of postal or email addresses from the Site for purposes of sending unsolicited or unauthorized commercial material, is prohibited. Any questions about whether a particular use is authorized and any requests for permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, display or make derivative works from any Content should be directed to the Science &amp; Technology Studies Assistant Editor.</p><p>You may not use the services on the Site to publish or distribute any information (including software or other content) that is illegal; violates or infringes upon the rights of any other person; is abusive, hateful, profane, pornographic, threatening or vulgar; contains errors, viruses or other harmful components; or is otherwise actionable by law. Science &amp; Technology Studies may at any time exercise editorial control over the content of any information or material that is submitted or distributed through its facilities and/or services.</p><p>You may not, without the approval of Science &amp; Technology Studies, use the Site to publish or distribute any advertising, promotional material, or solicitation to other users of the Site to use any goods or services. For example (but without limitation), you may not use the Site to conduct any business, to solicit the performance of any activity that is prohibited by law, or to solicit other users to become subscribers of other information services. Similarly, you may not use the Site to download and redistribute public information or shareware for personal gain or use the facilities and/or services to distribute multiple copies of public domain information or shareware.</p><strong>Trademarks</strong><p>All trademarks appearing on this Site are the property of their respective owners.</p><strong>Links to Other Sites</strong><p>The Site may contain hyperlinks to other sites or resources that are provided solely for your convenience. Science &amp; Technology Studies is not responsible for the availability of external sites or resources linked to the Site, and does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products or other materials on or available from such sites or resources. Transactions that occur between you and any third party are strictly between you and the third party and are not the responsibility of Science &amp; Technology Studies. Due to the fact that Science &amp; Technology Studies is not responsible for the availability or accuracy of these outside resources or their contents, you should review the terms and conditions and privacy policies of these linked sites, as their policies may differ from ours.</p><p>Last revised: 10 October 2012</p> Unpacking the Concept of Bioeconomy: Problems of Definition, Measurement, and Value https://sciencetechnologystudies.journal.fi/article/view/69662 <p>In this paper, we critically explore the evolution and impact of the concept ‘bioeconomy’ as a descriptor and driver of diff erent scientific, technological, and policy initiatives in the life sciences. We unpack the different ways bioeconomy has been framed – as an emergent, present, or sometimes promissory economic regime underpinned by particular socio-technical practices - by tracing how its use has evolved in different disciplinary field and sectors. We also critically analyse three key reports that attempt to measure the size and contribution of the bioeconomy at regional levels. Our overarching questions are: What is the bioeconomy, how has it been used in different fields, and how might it be best understood and valued both economically and politically? In answering these questions, we build on and contribute to critical scholarship in science and technology studies, particularly theoretical work on biovalue, commodification, and assetisation; using this in conjunction with our empirical concept search and document analysis to contribute new knowledge and understanding of the bioeconomy’s past, present, and future.</p> James Mittra Giorgos Zoukas Copyright (c) 2019 James Mittra, Dr, Giorgos Zoukas, Mr 2020-01-23 2020-01-23 33 1 2 21 10.23987/sts.69662 The Shaping of Urban Public Transport https://sciencetechnologystudies.journal.fi/article/view/69949 <p>This paper investigates the shaping of urban public transport by comparing ‘alternative leading objects’ to the car in the Norwegian cities Trondheim and Bergen. These have chosen different transport technologies, bus and light rail respectively. I draw on the concept of technological frames and illustrate how interpretations and expectations of sustainable urban mobility guide transport planning. The paper contributes to discussions in STS by exploring technological frames as ongoing practices instead of as outcomes, and as performed by what I identify as two framing coalitions. Both coalitions emphasised that Trondheim and Bergen represented different city identities and topographies. The paper demonstrates the importance of making such identities and representations of public transport systems in particular urban contexts in order to replace a car-dominated transport system. The paper draws on an observational study in two transport offices, interviews with transport planners and politicians and document studies.</p> Lina Ingeborgrud Copyright (c) 2019 Lina Ingeborgrud 2020-01-23 2020-01-23 33 1 22 35 10.23987/sts.69949 The Power of Place https://sciencetechnologystudies.journal.fi/article/view/69782 <p>Investigating the role of geographical location in public engagement with science we examine the West Cumbria Managing Radioactive Waste Safely (MRWS) Partnership’s undertaking of one of the most extensive local public engagements with environmental risk science in the UK. The case study highlights the transformative impacts of this three-year long local engagement on both science and the public. Differently from other invited public engagements, organised as experiments controlled by scientists in spaces set aside from the everyday, the Partnership’s lay members led a process unfolding in the place that was potentially at risk. The Partnership had the authority to demand that scientists addressed issues of local interest. We frame the analysis with the notions ‘re-situating technoscience' and ‘re-assembling the public' to illuminate how scientific knowledge claims were modified and a new local public emerged, at the intersection of public engagement with science and public participation in environmental risk governance.</p> Catharina Landstrom Stewart Kemp Copyright (c) 2019 Catharina Landstrom, Stewart Kemp 2020-01-23 2020-01-23 33 1 36 53 10.23987/sts.69782 Comparing Forms and Degrees of Critique https://sciencetechnologystudies.journal.fi/article/view/70247 <p>This paper presents an analytical tool designed to evaluate the degree and type of divergence between a dominant orthodox discourse and that of heterodox actors who criticize it. This method of discourse analysis consists in a breaking down and classification of its different parts. It is grounded in Boltanski’s conception of critique and in analytical sociologists’ breaking down of social reality. By summarizing these differences in simple tables, the method proposed greatly facilitates comparisons of the discourses of a great variety of actors. To show the heuristic power of this tool, I apply it to the controversy that emerged in France in 2009-2010 over the safety of the pandemic flu vaccine. I present the social and medical ontologies on which these various critiques are grounded and their varying degrees of radicalism.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Jeremy Keith Ward Copyright (c) 2019 Jeremy Keith Ward 2020-01-23 2020-01-23 33 1 54 75 10.23987/sts.70247 Eric B. Winsberg (2018) Philosophy and Climate Science. New York: Cambridge University Press. 270 pages. ISBN 978-1-316-64692-2 https://sciencetechnologystudies.journal.fi/article/view/86039 José Luis Granados Mateo Copyright (c) 2020 José Luis Granados Mateo 2020-01-14 2020-01-14 33 1 76 79 10.23987/sts.86039 Kean Birch (2018) Neoliberal Bio-Economies? The Co-Construction of Markets and Natures. London: Palgrave MacMillan. 208 pages. ISBN 978-3-319-91424-4 https://sciencetechnologystudies.journal.fi/article/view/88052 Tomás Carrozza Copyright (c) 2019 Tomás Carrozza 2019-12-09 2019-12-09 33 1 80 82 10.23987/sts.88052