Science & Technology Studies <div class="region region-content-intro"> <div id="block-block-6" class="block block-block"> <div class="content"> <p>Science &amp; Technology Studies is an international peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarly studies of science and technology as socio-material phenomena, including their historical and contemporary production and their associated forms of knowledge, expertise, social organization and controversy. This includes interest in developing Science and Technology Studies' own knowledge production techniques, methodology and interventions. 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Due to the fact that Science &amp; Technology Studies is not responsible for the availability or accuracy of these outside resources or their contents, you should review the terms and conditions and privacy policies of these linked sites, as their policies may differ from ours.</p> <p>Last revised: 3 Aug 2020</p> How Matters of Concern Invade Technologies <p>Markets have evolved from classic markets to concerned markets – that is, markets that focus not only on economic efficiency and the utilitarian matching between supply and demand but also on the negative externalities produced by market products and exchanges. The menstrual cup is used as a good example to address such matters. This device has supplemented disposable tampons and pads, and if the original focus on practical and material dimensions remains (absorbency, lightness, smallness, disposability, etc.), new concerns have invaded the scene. Significantly, in the advertisements for menstrual cups, reusability, recyclability, safety or hypoallergenic issues have replaced the past quest for efficiency and feeling carefree. How have matters of facts and of concern been involved and with what implications? I propose to address this question based on a computer-assisted analysis of 5,235 consumer reviews (posted on about the Star Cup (pseudonym), a leading product on the market for menstrual cups. The analysis points out that health and sustainability are only two of the many reasons behind the current use of menstrual cups. Various and often conflicting concerns are intertwined in cup consumption. This helps us understand that the development of sustainable technologies requires taking many more elements and dimensions into consideration than mere environmental friendliness.</p> Franck Cochoy Copyright (c) 2022 Franck Cochoy 2023-09-15 2023-09-15 36 3 2 23 10.23987/sts.113523 Pigs and Chips <p>This paper presents a longitudinal case study in UK biotechnology covering some 30 years during which genomic technologies were introduced into pig breeding. This case study demonstrates how co-innovation involving existing small and medium sized enterprises, together with contributions from academics, has enabled companies to obtain the resources needed for value creation. Important contributions at critical junctures from public funding, pivotal contributions of individuals, and entry of new enterprises supplying essential resources, have enabled the fruitful realisation of new value creation. This paper contributes to the literature by taking a historical perspective, demonstrating how enabling long-term networking relationships including relevant academics, research institutions, funders and knowledge brokers has the potential to generate an innovation ecosystem that can respond effectively to a range of external challenges and take advantage of new techno-scientific opportunities.</p> Ann Bruce James Lowe Copyright (c) 2022 Ann Bruce, James Lowe 2023-09-15 2023-09-15 36 3 24 42 10.23987/sts.111111 The Production of Infrastructural Value and the Extension of the Electricity Grid <p>Infrastructures have recently been conceptualised as in process and dynamic rather than fixed and obdurate. We introduce the notion of infrastructural value to draw attention to the specific value that can be produced in something in relation to its participation in an infrastructure, its operation and management. We analyse demand-side response (DSR) as a case of infrastructural extension where value is produced in already-existing electricity consuming devices, generating a return for their response to the ends of grid management. We track the work of aggregators who enrol clients and their devices into providing combined synchronised responses contracted with the grid operator. This involves aggregators in activities of temporal prospecting, legitimation, optimisation and coordination. We argue that the notion of infrastructural value helps to articulate the relations between the fluidity and flexing of infrastructural boundaries and value making practices and consider other ways that this category of value might be explored.</p> Mette Kragh-Furbo Gordon Walker Mitchell Curtis Copyright (c) 2022 Mette Kragh-Furbo, Gordon Walker, Mitchell Curtis 2023-09-15 2023-09-15 36 3 43 59 10.23987/sts.115273 Constitutive Tensions of Transformative Research <p>Living labs and <em>Reallabore</em> are policy attempts to provide infrastructures for societal transformation towards sustainability. They attempt to do so through facilitating experimental modes of societal learning and innovation in inter- and transdisciplinary environments. We suggest that building and maintaining such infrastructures includes simultaneously relying on continuity by following conventions of knowledge production and allowing for contingency as a resource for surprise. Both are necessary, inevitably prompting a “constitutive tension”. Based on a pilot study of two living labs on urban mobility in Austria, we ask how specific labs inscribe continuity and contingency into their infrastructures. Our analysis shows that the living labs attempted to connect to diverse communities, providing a source for contingency. At the same time, however, we observe a tendency to mitigate contingency when the production of outcomes is at risk. Based on the discussion of this exploratory case study, we reflect upon the transformative potential of living labs.</p> Andrea Schikowitz Sabine Maasen Kevin Weller Copyright (c) 2023 Andrea Schikowitz, Sabine Maasen, Kevin Weller 2023-09-15 2023-09-15 36 3 60 77 10.23987/sts.122123 Elliott Anthony (2023) Algorithmic Intimacy. The Digital Revolution in Personal Relationships Paul Trauttmansdorff Copyright (c) 2023 Paul Trauttmansdorff 2023-09-15 2023-09-15 36 3 78 80 10.23987/sts.126958 West Darrel M and Allen John R (2020) Turning Point: Policymaking in the Era of Artificial Intelligence Pedro Robles Daniel Mallinson Copyright (c) 2023 Pedro Robles, Daniel Mallinson 2023-09-15 2023-09-15 36 3 81 84 10.23987/sts.125194