Science & Technology Studies 2020-02-16T11:16:10+02:00 Salla Sariola Open Journal Systems <div class="region region-content-intro"> <div id="block-block-6" class="block block-block"> <div class="content"> <p>Science &amp; Technology Studies is an international peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarly studies of science and technology as socio-material phenomena, including their historical and contemporary production and their associated forms of knowledge, expertise, social organization and controversy. This includes interest in developing Science and Technology Studies' own knowledge production techniques, methodology and interventions. The journal welcomes high quality contributions to that are based on substantial theoretical or empirical engagement with the multidisciplinary field of science and technology studies, including contributions from anthropology, sociology, history, philosophy, political science, educational science and communication studies.</p> <p>Science &amp; Technology Studies is the official journal of the European Association for the Study of Science and Technology (EASST) and the Finnish Association for Science and Technology Studies.The journal is open access and available electronically around the world.</p> </div> </div> </div> Unpacking the Concept of Bioeconomy: Problems of Definition, Measurement, and Value 2020-02-16T11:15:16+02:00 James Mittra Giorgos Zoukas <p>In this paper, we critically explore the evolution and impact of the concept ‘bioeconomy’ as a descriptor and driver of diff erent scientific, technological, and policy initiatives in the life sciences. We unpack the different ways bioeconomy has been framed – as an emergent, present, or sometimes promissory economic regime underpinned by particular socio-technical practices - by tracing how its use has evolved in different disciplinary field and sectors. We also critically analyse three key reports that attempt to measure the size and contribution of the bioeconomy at regional levels. Our overarching questions are: What is the bioeconomy, how has it been used in different fields, and how might it be best understood and valued both economically and politically? In answering these questions, we build on and contribute to critical scholarship in science and technology studies, particularly theoretical work on biovalue, commodification, and assetisation; using this in conjunction with our empirical concept search and document analysis to contribute new knowledge and understanding of the bioeconomy’s past, present, and future.</p> 2020-01-23T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 James Mittra, Dr, Giorgos Zoukas, Mr The Shaping of Urban Public Transport 2020-02-16T11:14:23+02:00 Lina Ingeborgrud <p>This paper investigates the shaping of urban public transport by comparing ‘alternative leading objects’ to the car in the Norwegian cities Trondheim and Bergen. These have chosen different transport technologies, bus and light rail respectively. I draw on the concept of technological frames and illustrate how interpretations and expectations of sustainable urban mobility guide transport planning. The paper contributes to discussions in STS by exploring technological frames as ongoing practices instead of as outcomes, and as performed by what I identify as two framing coalitions. Both coalitions emphasised that Trondheim and Bergen represented different city identities and topographies. The paper demonstrates the importance of making such identities and representations of public transport systems in particular urban contexts in order to replace a car-dominated transport system. The paper draws on an observational study in two transport offices, interviews with transport planners and politicians and document studies.</p> 2020-01-23T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Lina Ingeborgrud The Power of Place 2020-02-16T11:14:50+02:00 Catharina Landstrom Stewart Kemp <p>Investigating the role of geographical location in public engagement with science we examine the West Cumbria Managing Radioactive Waste Safely (MRWS) Partnership’s undertaking of one of the most extensive local public engagements with environmental risk science in the UK. The case study highlights the transformative impacts of this three-year long local engagement on both science and the public. Differently from other invited public engagements, organised as experiments controlled by scientists in spaces set aside from the everyday, the Partnership’s lay members led a process unfolding in the place that was potentially at risk. The Partnership had the authority to demand that scientists addressed issues of local interest. We frame the analysis with the notions ‘re-situating technoscience' and ‘re-assembling the public' to illuminate how scientific knowledge claims were modified and a new local public emerged, at the intersection of public engagement with science and public participation in environmental risk governance.</p> 2020-01-23T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Catharina Landstrom, Stewart Kemp Comparing Forms and Degrees of Critique 2020-02-16T11:13:57+02:00 Jeremy Keith Ward <p>This paper presents an analytical tool designed to evaluate the degree and type of divergence between a dominant orthodox discourse and that of heterodox actors who criticize it. This method of discourse analysis consists in a breaking down and classification of its different parts. It is grounded in Boltanski’s conception of critique and in analytical sociologists’ breaking down of social reality. By summarizing these differences in simple tables, the method proposed greatly facilitates comparisons of the discourses of a great variety of actors. To show the heuristic power of this tool, I apply it to the controversy that emerged in France in 2009-2010 over the safety of the pandemic flu vaccine. I present the social and medical ontologies on which these various critiques are grounded and their varying degrees of radicalism.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-01-23T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jeremy Keith Ward Eric B. Winsberg (2018) Philosophy and Climate Science. New York: Cambridge University Press. 270 pages. ISBN 978-1-316-64692-2 2020-02-16T11:15:43+02:00 José Luis Granados Mateo 2020-01-14T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 José Luis Granados Mateo Kean Birch (2018) Neoliberal Bio-Economies? The Co-Construction of Markets and Natures. London: Palgrave MacMillan. 208 pages. ISBN 978-3-319-91424-4 2020-02-16T11:16:10+02:00 Tomás Carrozza 2019-12-09T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Tomás Carrozza